23 February 2010 Threshold measurement of two-photon laser induced photo-polymerization via Z-scan
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A technique is suggested to measure a threshold of two-photon initiated photopolymerisation involving Z-scan of a thin film of sensitive material along the focusing axis of the laser beam. The condition of reaching the threshold when gradually increasing the light intensity by moving the film towards the focal spot of the beam is defined as that with minimal intensity at which polymerization occurs. The occurrence of the polymerization is detected by interferometric effect inside the transmitted beam itself, which is due to interference of the wave going through the polymerization area and the wave going around it. The technique is demonstrated for measurements employing Nd:YAG laser in nanosecond regime with fundamental frequency 1064 nm and its harmonic of 532 nm, as well as with pumped by its third harmonic optical parametric oscillator. Threshold data are presented for particular systems, indicating threshold of 5 GW/cm2 for a system based on Rose Bengal exposed by 1064 nm nanosecond-pulsed radiation and 0.05 GW/cm2 for Darocur initiators exposed to 532 nm.
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Yuri Boiko, Yuri Boiko, } "Threshold measurement of two-photon laser induced photo-polymerization via Z-scan", Proc. SPIE 7585, Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly IV, 75850W (23 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.843601; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.843601

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