26 February 2010 Review of selected oceanic EM/EO scattering problems
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Electromagnetic and electro-optical (EM/EO) propagation and scattering in the ocean is of interest for a wide range of science problems. For example, the biological productivity of ocean waters through photochemical processes is governed by the vertical attenuation of solar radiation. Also, EO scattering theory is the primary basis for determining biogeochemical parameters (e.g. phytoplankton, suspended sediments, and dissolved matter) from the water leaving optical radiance. In addition, EO scattering from suspended sediments and bubbles is the limiting factor for active lidar systems used to map the sea bottom. This work will review specific applications of EO/EM scattering theory with regard to the influence of bubbles and droplets on remote sensing in the nearshore ocean. The current state of understanding concerning models and applications for optical scattering from bubbles in the water column as well as microwave scattering from water droplets produced by breaking waves at the ocean surface will be discussed as well as future research directions.
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Merrick C. Haller, Merrick C. Haller, } "Review of selected oceanic EM/EO scattering problems", Proc. SPIE 7588, Atmospheric and Oceanic Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves IV, 75880C (26 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.845697; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.845697


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