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16 February 2010 Quantum dots (QDs) immobilization on metal nanowire end-facets for single photon source application
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Abstract
We introduce a fabrication process to immobilize cadmium selenide (CdSe) Quantum Dots (QDs) on end-facets of metal nanowires, which can be possibly used as a cavity-free unidirectional single photon source with high coupling efficiency due to high Purcell factor. Nanowires were fabricated using E-beam lithography, E-beam evaporation, and lift-off process and finally covered with chemically deposited silicon dioxide (SiO2) layer. End-facets of metal nanowires were defined using wet etching process. QD immobilization was accomplished through surface modifications on both metal and QD surfaces. We immobilized thiol (-SH) functionalized 15 base pair (bp) ssDNA on Au nanowire surface to hybridize with its complimentary amine (- NH3) functionalized 15bp ssDNA and conjugated the amine functionalized 15bp ssDNA with QD. Presenting QD immobilization method showed high selectivity between metal nanowire and SiO2 surfaces.
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J. Kim, B. C. Lee, C. Kang, S. Y. Lee, J. H. Park, and H. J. Shin "Quantum dots (QDs) immobilization on metal nanowire end-facets for single photon source application", Proc. SPIE 7591, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics III, 759113 (16 February 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.842916
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