18 February 2010 Improved terahertz imaging with a sparse synthetic aperture array
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Abstract
Sparse arrays are highly attractive for implementing two-dimensional arrays, but come at the cost of degraded image quality. We demonstrate significantly improved performance by exploiting the coherent ultrawideband nature of singlecycle THz pulses. We compute two weighting factors to each time-delayed signal before final summation to form the reconstructed image. The first factor employs cross-correlation analysis to measure the degree of walk-off between timedelayed signals of neighboring elements. The second factor measures the spatial coherence of the time-delayed delayed signals. Synthetic aperture imaging experiments are performed with a THz time-domain system employing a mechanically scanned single transceiver element. Cross-sectional imaging of wire targets is performed with a onedimensional sparse array with an inter-element spacing of 1.36 mm (over four λ at 1 THz). The proposed image reconstruction technique improves image contrast by 15 dB, which is impressive considering the relatively few elements in the array. En-face imaging of a razor blade is also demonstrated with a 56 x 56 element two-dimensional array, showing reduced image artifacts with adaptive reconstruction. These encouraging results suggest that the proposed image reconstruction technique can be highly beneficial to the development of large area two-dimensional THz arrays.
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Zhuopeng Zhang, Takashi Buma, "Improved terahertz imaging with a sparse synthetic aperture array", Proc. SPIE 7601, Terahertz Technology and Applications III, 760103 (18 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.841756; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841756
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