Photonic technologies have found widespread applications in high-speed longhaul and metro transmission networks for
decades. Introducing similarly advanced optical technologies into access networks must respect the strict requirements
for simple deployment and operations as well as ease of system migration and network maintenance. The large number
of optical ports and fiber links to be provided and operated at lowest cost make access networks special as compared to
their longhaul and metro networks counterparts. The paper provides a view on the status and on potential future
evolution paths of optical access network technologies.