22 January 2010 Interference effects in a photonic crystal cavity
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Abstract
We investigate quantum interference and classical interference effects when a three-level system interacts with both a cavity field mode and an external driving field mode, within the confines of a photonic crystal material. In freespace, we found that under certain circumstances the cavity field evolves to be equal in magnitude to, but 180° out-of- phase with the external pump field when the pump field frequency equals the cavity frequency. The better the cavity, the quicker this build-up occurs. When the cavity field reaches this out-of-phase condition, the resonance fluorescence from the atom in the cavity goes to zero. This is a purely classical interference effect between the two out-of-phase fields, with the resonance fluorescence going to zero at the same time as the two excited state populations go to zero. This is quite different from the quantum interference that occurs under the right circumstances, when the state populations are coherently driven into a linear combination that is decoupled from any applied field - and population is trapped in the excited states, thus allowing for a population inversion and an amplification of incoming optical signals. In this paper, we investigate the additional effects due to the presence of the altered photon density of states in a photonic crystal.
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D. A. Cardimona, D. A. Cardimona, P. M. Alsing, P. M. Alsing, "Interference effects in a photonic crystal cavity", Proc. SPIE 7608, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII, 760817 (22 January 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.840986; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.840986
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