22 January 2010 Quantum dot photodetectors based on structures with collective potential barriers
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Abstract
It is known that major restrictions of room-temperature semiconductor photodetectors and some other optoelectronic devices are caused by short photoelectron lifetime, which strongly reduces the photoresponse. Here we report our research on advanced optoelectronic materials, which combine manageable photoelectron lifetime, high mobility, and quantum tuning of localized and conducting states. These structures integrate quantum dot (QD) layers and correlated QD clusters with quantum wells (QWs) and heterointerfaces. The integrated structures provide many possibilities for engineering of electron states as well as specific kinetic and transport properties. Thus, these structures have the strong potential to overcome the limitations of traditional QD and QW structures. The main distinctive characteristic of the QD structures with collective potential barriers is an effective control of photoelectron capture due to separation of highly mobile electrons transferring the photocurrent along heterointerfaces from the localized electron states in the QD blocks (rows, planes, and various clusters). Besides manageable photoelectron kinetics, the advanced QD structures will also provide high coupling to radiation, low generation-recombination noise, and high scalability.
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Li-Hsin Chien, A. Sergeev, V. Mitin, S. Oktyabrsky, "Quantum dot photodetectors based on structures with collective potential barriers", Proc. SPIE 7608, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII, 760826 (22 January 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.842239; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.842239
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