12 March 2010 CT slice localization via instance-based regression
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Abstract
Automatically determining the relative position of a single CT slice within a full body scan provides several useful functionalities. For example, it is possible to validate DICOM meta-data information. Furthermore, knowing the relative position in a scan allows the efficient retrieval of similar slices from the same body region in other volume scans. Finally, the relative position is often an important information for a non-expert user having only access to a single CT slice of a scan. In this paper, we determine the relative position of single CT slices via instance-based regression without using any meta data. Each slice of a volume set is represented by several types of feature information that is computed from a sequence of image conversions and edge detection routines on rectangular subregions of the slices. Our new method is independent from the settings of the CT scanner and provides an average localization error of less than 4.5 cm using leave-one-out validation on a dataset of 34 annotated volume scans. Thus, we demonstrate that instance-based regression is a suitable tool for mapping single slices to a standardized coordinate system and that our algorithm is competitive to other volume-based approaches with respect to runtime and prediction quality, even though only a fraction of the input information is required in comparison to other approaches.
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Tobias Emrich, Franz Graf, Hans-Peter Kriegel, Matthias Schubert, Marisa Thoma, Alexander Cavallaro, "CT slice localization via instance-based regression", Proc. SPIE 7623, Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 762320 (12 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.841877; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841877
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