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12 March 2010 Development of a particle filter framework for respiratory motion correction in nuclear medicine imaging
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This research aims to develop a methodological framework based on a data driven approach known as particle filters, often found in computer vision methods, to correct the effect of respiratory motion on Nuclear Medicine imaging data. Particles filters are a popular class of numerical methods for solving optimal estimation problems and we wish to use their flexibility to make an adaptive framework. In this work we use the particle filter for estimating the deformation of the internal organs of the human torso, represented by X, over a discrete time index k. The particle filter approximates the distribution of the deformation of internal organs by generating many propositions, called particles. The posterior estimate is inferred from an observation Zk of the external torso surface. We demonstrate two preliminary approaches in tracking organ deformation. In the first approach, Xk represent a small set of organ surface points. In the second approach, Xk represent a set of affine organ registration parameters to a reference time index r. Both approaches are contrasted to a comparable technique using direct mapping to infer Xk from the observation Zk. Simulations of both approaches using the XCAT phantom suggest that the particle filter-based approaches, on average performs, better.
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Ashrani Aizzuddin Abd. Rahni, Emma Lewis, Kevin Wells, Matthew Guy, and Budhaditya Goswami "Development of a particle filter framework for respiratory motion correction in nuclear medicine imaging", Proc. SPIE 7623, Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 76232D (12 March 2010);

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