12 March 2010 Automated algorithm for atlas-based segmentation of the heart and pericardium from non-contrast CT
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Abstract
Automated segmentation of the 3D heart region from non-contrast CT is a pre-requisite for automated quantification of coronary calcium and pericardial fat. We aimed to develop and validate an automated, efficient atlas-based algorithm for segmentation of the heart and pericardium from non-contrast CT. A co-registered non-contrast CT atlas is first created from multiple manually segmented non-contrast CT data. Noncontrast CT data included in the atlas are co-registered to each other using iterative affine registration, followed by a deformable transformation using the iterative demons algorithm; the final transformation is also applied to the segmented masks. New CT datasets are segmented by first co-registering to an atlas image, and by voxel classification using a weighted decision function applied to all co-registered/pre-segmented atlas images. This automated segmentation method was applied to 12 CT datasets, with a co-registered atlas created from 8 datasets. Algorithm performance was compared to expert manual quantification. Cardiac region volume quantified by the algorithm (609.0 ± 39.8 cc) and the expert (624.4 ± 38.4 cc) were not significantly different (p=0.1, mean percent difference 3.8 ± 3.0%) and showed excellent correlation (r=0.98, p<0.0001). The algorithm achieved a mean voxel overlap of 0.89 (range 0.86-0.91). The total time was <45 sec on a standard windows computer (100 iterations). Fast robust automated atlas-based segmentation of the heart and pericardium from non-contrast CT is feasible.
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Damini Dey, Amit Ramesh, Piotr J. Slomka, Ryo Nakazato, Victor Y. Cheng, Guido Germano, Daniel S. Berman, "Automated algorithm for atlas-based segmentation of the heart and pericardium from non-contrast CT", Proc. SPIE 7623, Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 762337 (12 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.844810; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.844810
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