Translator Disclaimer
12 March 2010 Multiscale topo-morphologic opening of arteries and veins: a validation study on phantoms and CT imaging of pulmonary vessel casting of pigs
Author Affiliations +
Abstract
Distinguishing pulmonary arterial and venous (A/V) trees via in vivo imaging is a critical first step in the quantification of vascular geometry for purposes of determining, for instance, pulmonary hypertension, detection of pulmonary emboli and more. A multi-scale topo-morphologic opening algorithm has recently been introduced by us separating A/V trees in pulmonary multiple-detector X-ray computed tomography (MDCT) images without contrast. The method starts with two sets of seeds - one for each of A/V trees and combines fuzzy distance transform, fuzzy connectivity, and morphologic reconstruction leading to multi-scale opening of two mutually fused structures while preserving their continuity. The method locally determines the optimum morphological scale separating the two structures. Here, a validation study is reported examining accuracy of the method using mathematically generated phantoms with different levels of fuzziness, overlap, scale, resolution, noise, and geometric coupling and MDCT images of pulmonary vessel casting of pigs. After exsanguinating the animal, a vessel cast was generated using rapid-hardening methyl methacrylate compound with additional contrast by 10cc of Ethiodol in the arterial side which was scanned in a MDCT scanner at 0.5mm slice thickness and 0.47mm in plane resolution. True segmentations of A/V trees were computed from these images by thresholding. Subsequently, effects of distinguishing A/V contrasts were eliminated and resulting images were used for A/V separation by our method. Experimental results show that 92% - 98% accuracy is achieved using only one seed for each object in phantoms while 94.4% accuracy is achieved in MDCT cast images using ten seeds for each of A/V trees.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Zhiyun Gao, Colin Holtze, Milan Sonka, Eric Hoffman, and Punam K. Saha "Multiscale topo-morphologic opening of arteries and veins: a validation study on phantoms and CT imaging of pulmonary vessel casting of pigs", Proc. SPIE 7623, Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 76233H (12 March 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.844456
PROCEEDINGS
11 PAGES


SHARE
Advertisement
Advertisement
Back to Top