9 March 2010 Eigenvalue-weighting and feature selection for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography
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With the development of computer-aided polyp detection towards virtual colonoscopy screening, the trade-off between detection sensitivity and specificity has gained increasing attention. An optimum detection, with least number of false positives and highest true positive rate, is desirable and involves interdisciplinary knowledge, such as feature extraction, feature selection as well as machine learning. Toward that goal, various geometrical and textural features, associated with each suspicious polyp candidate, have been individually extracted and stacked together as a feature vector. However, directly inputting these high-dimensional feature vectors into a learning machine, e.g., neural network, for polyp detection may introduce redundant information due to feature correlation and induce the curse of dimensionality. In this paper, we explored an indispensable building block of computer-aided polyp detection, i.e., principal component analysis (PCA)-weighted feature selection for neural network classifier of true and false positives. The major concepts proposed in this paper include (1) the use of PCA to reduce the feature correlation, (2) the scheme of adaptively weighting each principal component (PC) by the associated eigenvalue, and (3) the selection of feature combinations via the genetic algorithm. As such, the eigenvalue is also taken as part of the characterizing feature, and the necessary number of features can be exposed to mitigate the curse of dimensionality. Learned and tested by radial basis neural network, the proposed computer-aided polyp detection has achieved 95% sensitivity at a cost of average 2.99 false positives per polyp.
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Hongbin Zhu, Hongbin Zhu, Su Wang, Su Wang, Yi Fan, Yi Fan, Hongbing Lu, Hongbing Lu, Zhengrong Liang, Zhengrong Liang, "Eigenvalue-weighting and feature selection for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography", Proc. SPIE 7624, Medical Imaging 2010: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 76241V (9 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.844535; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.844535

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