20 March 2010 Assessing EUV mask defectivity
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Abstract
This paper assesses the readiness of EUV masks for pilot line production. The printability of well characterized reticle defects, with particular emphasis on those reticle defects that cause electrical errors on wafer test chips, is investigated. The reticles are equipped with test marks that are inspected in a die-to-die mode (using DUV inspection tool) and reviewed (using a SEM tool), and which also comprise electrically testable patterns. The reticles have three modules comprising features with 32 nm ground rules in 104 nm pitch, 22 nm ground rules with 80 nm pitch, and 16 nm ground rules with 56 nm pitch (on the wafer scale). In order to determine whether specific defects originate from the substrate, the multilayer film, the absorber stack, or from the patterning process, the reticles were inspected after each fabrication step. Following fabrication, the reticles were used to print wafers on a 0.25 NA full-field ASML EUV exposure tool. The printed wafers were inspected with state of the art bright-field and Deep UV inspection tools. It is observed that the printability of EUV mask defects down to a pitch of 56 nm shows a trend of increased printability as the pitch of the printed pattern gets smaller - a well established trend at larger pitches of 80 nm and 104 nm, respectively. The sensitivity of state-of-the-art reticle inspection tools is greatly improved over that of the previous generation of tools. There appears to be no apparent decline in the sensitivity of these state-of-the-art reticle inspection tools for higher density (smaller) patterns on the mask, even down to 56nm pitch (1x). Preliminary results indicate that a blank defect density of the order of 0.25 defects/cm2 can support very early learning on EUV pilot line production at the 16nm node.
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Uzodinma Okoroanyanwu, Uzodinma Okoroanyanwu, Anna Tchikoulaeva, Anna Tchikoulaeva, Paul Ackmann, Paul Ackmann, Obert Wood, Obert Wood, Bruno La Fontaine, Bruno La Fontaine, Karsten Bubke, Karsten Bubke, Christian Holfeld, Christian Holfeld, Jan Hendrik Peters, Jan Hendrik Peters, Sumanth Kini, Sumanth Kini, Sterling Watson, Sterling Watson, Isaac Lee, Isaac Lee, Bo Mu, Bo Mu, Phillip Lim, Phillip Lim, Sudhar Raghunathan, Sudhar Raghunathan, Carol Boye, Carol Boye, } "Assessing EUV mask defectivity", Proc. SPIE 7636, Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Lithography, 76360J (20 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847348; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.847348
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