29 March 2010 Numerical simulation of the activation behavior of thermal shape memory alloys
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Problems in using shape memory alloys (SMA) in industrial applications are often caused by the fragmentary knowledge of the complex activation behavior. To solve this problem, Fraunhofer IWU developed a Matlab®-based simulation tool to emulate the properties of a SMA wire based on the energy balance. The contained terms result of the characteristic material behavior combined with thermal, electrical, and mechanical conditions. Model validation is performed by laboratory tests. It is shown that there is almost no difference between the measured and the simulated actuator movement. Due to the good quality of the model it is possible to use it in a control loop. Knowing current and voltage enables the computation of the electrical resistance of the actuator and can therefore be used for feedback control. Implementation of the results into industrial applications is exemplified by integration of an actuator in a flap as used in air condition systems of cars. Furthermore, the SMA-based drive will be compared to an electromechanical drive.
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Reimund Neugebauer, Reimund Neugebauer, André Bucht, André Bucht, Kenny Pagel, Kenny Pagel, Jakob Jung, Jakob Jung, } "Numerical simulation of the activation behavior of thermal shape memory alloys", Proc. SPIE 7645, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2010, 76450J (29 March 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.847594; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.847594

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