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8 April 2010 Near-optimal sensor placement for health monitoring of civil structures
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In this paper we focus on the optimal placement of sensors for state estimation-based continuous health monitoring of structures using three approaches. The first aims to minimize the static estimation error of the structure deflections, using the linear stiffness matrix derived from a finite element model. The second approach aims to maximize the observability of the derived linear state space model. The third approach aims to minimize the dynamic estimation error of the deflections using a Linear Quadratic Estimator. Both nonlinear mixed-integer and relaxed convex optimization formulations are presented. A simple search-based optimization implementation for each of the three approaches is demonstrated on a model of the long-span New Carquinez Bridge in California.
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Gwendolyn W. van der Linden, Abbas Emami-Naeini, Robert L. Kosut, Hassan Sederat, and Jerome P. Lynch "Near-optimal sensor placement for health monitoring of civil structures", Proc. SPIE 7649, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2010, 76490N (8 April 2010);

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