13 October 2010 Optical correlator based system for displacement auto detection
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In airborne earth observation system, due to the movement of the flight and the vibration of the payload, the quality of the picture captured will degrade severely because there exists a relative motion between the object and the imaging system. With the development of high-performance, high-resolution CCD / CMOS technique and the further optimization of imaging lens, the platform vibration becomes an important constraint in the high-resolution imaging, and thus image stabilization for imaging systems is indispensable. The first step in image stabilization is to obtain the vibration path by means of detecting the direction and length of the shake, and then to compensate for the shake using some methods to eliminate the impact of vibration. In order to satisfy the need of fast displacement detection in the image stabilization of airborne remote sensing system, we perform an auto displacement detection system based on joint optical correlator in this paper. First we employ a vibration platform to simulate the scene with vibration in airborne remote sensing system, and a high-speed camera system is set up to grab the target to form a video sequences with no blur. Then two adjacent video frames will be input into a spatial light modulator parallelly in space, behind which a Fourier lens is fixed to capture the spectrum of the object by a high speed camera. And after a high-pass filter, this spectrum will be input into a spatial light modulator behind which fix another Fourier lens again, and another high speed camera will capture the output image indicating the correlation peak position of the adjacent two images, from which corresponding displacement vector can be calculated. Experiments show that this system works stably at a rate as high as 50 frames per second, with detection accuracy up to 0.1 pixel by centroid detection algorithm.
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Chao-yue Dai, Chao-yue Dai, Peng Ge, Peng Ge, Qi Li, Qi Li, Hua-jun Feng, Hua-jun Feng, Zhi-hai Xu, Zhi-hai Xu, } "Optical correlator based system for displacement auto detection", Proc. SPIE 7656, 5th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Optical Test and Measurement Technology and Equipment, 76566S (13 October 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.866647; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.866647

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