7 May 2010 Detecting and tracking moving objects from a moving platform using epipolar constraints
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Abstract
One of the principal challenges in autonomous navigation for mobile ground robots is collision avoidance, especially in dynamic environments featuring both moving and non-moving (static) obstacles. Detecting and tracking moving objects (such as vehicles and pedestrians) presents a particular challenge because all points in the scene are in motion relative to a moving platform. We present a solution for detecting and robustly tracking moving objects from a moving platform. We use a novel epipolar Hough transform to identify points in the scene which do not conform to the geometric constraints of a static scene when viewed from a moving camera. These points can then be analyzed in three different domains: image space, Hough space and world space, allowing redundant clustering and tracking of moving objects. We use a particle filter to model uncertainty in the tracking process and a multiple-hypothesis tracker with lifecycle management to maintain tracks through occlusions and stop-start conditions. The result is a set of detected objects whose position and estimated trajectory are continuously updated for use by path planning and collision avoidance systems. We present results from experiments using a mobile test robot with a forward looking stereo camera navigating among multiple moving objects.
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Jonah C. McBride, Andrey Ostapchenko, Howard Schultz, Magnus S. Snorrason, "Detecting and tracking moving objects from a moving platform using epipolar constraints", Proc. SPIE 7692, Unmanned Systems Technology XII, 76920K (7 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.852969; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.852969
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