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12 May 2010 Use of ensemble learning technique for detection/identification of chemical plumes
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An ensemble learning approach using a number of weak classifiers, each classifier conducting learning based on a random subset of spectral features (bands) of the training sample, is used to detect/identify a specific chemical plume. The support vector machine (SVM) is used as the weak classifier. The detection results of the multiple SVMs are combined to generate a final decision on a pixel's class membership. Due to the multiple learning processes conducted in the randomly selected spectral subspaces, the proposed ensemble learning can improve solution generality. This work uses a two-class approach, using samples taken from hyper-spectral image (HSI) cubes collected during a release of the test chemical. Performance results in the form of receiver operator characteristic curves, show similar performance when compared to a single SVM using the full spectrum. Initial results were obtained by training with samples taken from a single HSI cube. These results are compared to results that are more recent from training with sample data from 28 HSI cubes. Performance of algorithms trained with high concentration spectra show very strong responses when scored only on high concentration data. However, performance drops substantially when low concentration pixels are scored as well. Training with the low concentration pixels along with the high concentration pixels can improve over all solution generality and shows the strength of the ensemble approach. However, it appears that careful selection of the training data and the number of examples can have a significant impact on performance.
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Patrick Rauss and Heesung Kwon "Use of ensemble learning technique for detection/identification of chemical plumes", Proc. SPIE 7695, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XVI, 76951T (12 May 2010);

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