12 May 2010 Liquid-crystal-based hyperspectral image projector
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A hyperspectral image projector (HIP) is introduced that is built with liquid crystal based spatial light modulators (SLM) as opposed to micromirror arrays. The use of an SLM as a broadband intensity modulator presents several benefits to this application. With slight modifications to the SLM design, SLMs can be built for a wide range of spectral regimes, ranging from the ultraviolet (UV) to the long-wavelength infrared (LWIR). SLMs can have a large pixel pitch, significantly reducing diffraction in the mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) and LWIR. Liquid crystal based devices offer direct analog intensity modulation, thus eliminating flicker from time sequential drive schemes. SLMs allow for an on-axis configuration, enabling a simple and compact optical layout. The design of the HIP system is broken into two parts consisting of a spectral and spatial engine. In the spectral engine a diffraction grating is used to disperse a broadband source into spectral components, where an SLM modulates the relative intensity of the components to dynamically generate complex spectra. The recombined output is fed to the spatial engine which is used to construct two-dimensional scenes. The system is used to simulate a broad range of real world environments, and will be delivered to the National Institute of Standards and Technology as an enabling tool for the development of calibration standards and performance testing techniques for multispectral and hyperspectral imagers. The focus of this paper is on a visible-band HIP system; however, related work is presented with regard to SLM use in the MWIR and LWIR.
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Anna Linnenberger, Anna Linnenberger, Hugh Masterson, Hugh Masterson, Joseph P. Rice, Joseph P. Rice, Jay Stockley, Jay Stockley, } "Liquid-crystal-based hyperspectral image projector", Proc. SPIE 7695, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XVI, 76951Z (12 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.849765; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.849765


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