27 April 2010 An assignment based algorithm for multiple target localization problems using widely-separated MIMO radars
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Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) radars with widely-separated antennas have attracted much attention in recent literature. The highly efficient performance of widely-separated MIMO radars in target detection compared to multistatic radars have been widely studied by researchers. However, multiple target localization by the enlightened structure has not been sufficiently explored. While Multiple Hypothesis Tracking (MHT) based methods have been previously applied for target localization, in this paper, the well-known 2-D assignment method is used instead in order to handle the computational cost of MHT. The assignment based algorithm works in a signal-level mode. That is, signals in receivers are first matched to different transmitters and, then, outputs of matched filters are used to find the cost of each combination in the 2-D assignment method. The main benefit of 2-D assignment is to easily incorporate new targets that are suitable for targets with multiple scatters where a target may be otherwise unobservable in some pairs. Simulation results justify the capability of 2-D assignment method in tackling multiple target localization problems, even in relatively low SNRs.
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A. A. Gorji, R. Tharmarasa, and T. Kirubarajan "An assignment based algorithm for multiple target localization problems using widely-separated MIMO radars", Proc. SPIE 7697, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XIX, 769702 (27 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.851051; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.851051


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