12 May 2010 Efficiency of thin-films silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern
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Abstract
We present a theoretical study of amorphous and crystalline thin-film solar cells with a periodic pattern on a sub-micron scale realized in the silicon layer and filled with silicon dioxide right below a properly designed antireflection coating. The study and optimization of the PV structure as a function of all the photonic crystals parameters allows to identify the different roles of the periodic pattern and of the etching depth in determining an increase of the absorption. From one side, the photonic crystal acts as an impendence matching layer, thus minimizing reflection of incident light over a particularly wide range of frequencies. Moreover a strong absorption enhancement is observed when the incident light is coupled into the quasi guided modes of the photonic slab. We compare the efficiency of this structure to that of PV cells characterized by the sole antireflection coating. We found a substantial increase of the short-circuit current when the parameters are properly optimized, demonstrating the advantage of a wavelength-scale, photonic-crystal based approach.
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S. Zanotto, M. Liscidini, L. C. Andreani, "Efficiency of thin-films silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern", Proc. SPIE 7713, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices IX, 771309 (12 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.853894; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.853894
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