14 May 2010 Amplification of femtosecond pulses in large mode area Bragg fibers
Author Affiliations +
The increase of the output power in fiber lasers and amplifiers is directly related to the scaling of the core diameter. State of the art high power laser and amplifier setups are based on large mode area (LMA) photonic crystal fibers (PCF) exhibiting core diameters ranging from 40 μm up to 100 μm1 (rod-type PCF). For instance, a two-stage femtosecond chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system based on 80 μm core diameter rod-type PCF was demonstrated generating 270 fs 100 μJ pulses2. Although highly suited to reach very large mode areas, this fiber design suffers some drawbacks such as high bend sensitivity (for core diameter equal to or larger than 40 μm3) and practical handling (cleaving, splicing, etc.) due to presence of air holes. As an alternative we have recently proposed all-solid photonic bandgap (PBG) Bragg fiber (BF) design4. Due to their waveguiding mechanism completely different from total internal reflection this type of fiber offers a very flexible geometry for designing waveguide structures with demanding properties (singlemodedness in large core configuration5, chromatic dispersion6, polarization maintaining7, low bend sensitivity8). During the last few years our interest was mainly focused on the realization of an active BF and scaling up the core diameter. We showed that, in principle, core diameters in excess of 50 μm can be reached9. As an example, an Yb-doped LMA BF with 20 μm core diameter was realized and single transverse mode operation in continuous wave (cw)9 and mode-locking10 oscillation regimes was demonstrated. Moreover, operation of two dimensional all-solid PBG fibers in laser and amplifier regimes was recently demonstrated11-13. In this paper we report on the first demonstration of amplification of femtosecond pulses in LMA PBG BF. A single transverse mode was obtained and the BF allowed for generating 5 μJ 260 fs pulses in a system with a moderate stretching of 150 ps.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dmitry A. Gaponov, Sébastien Février, Philippe Roy, Marc Hanna, Dimitris N. Papadopoulos, Frédéric Druon, Louis Daniault, Patrick Georges, Mikhail E. Likhachev, Mikhail Y. Salganskii, and Mikhail V. Yashkov "Amplification of femtosecond pulses in large mode area Bragg fibers", Proc. SPIE 7714, Photonic Crystal Fibers IV, 771405 (14 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.854581; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854581

Back to Top