17 May 2010 Thin-disk-laser-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with an output power in the kW range
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Abstract
We report on an ytterbium-doped fiber laser (FL) pumped by an Yb:YAG thin disk laser [1]. The FL essentially acts as a brilliance converter suitable for applications requiring a diffraction limited kilowatt-class laser source. The FL can be positioned close to the application at the end of a multimode delivery fiber, which solves the length limitation of highpower single-mode delivery caused by non-linear effects in the fibers. The 11 m long fiber used in the experiments has a highly doped (1.3•1026 ions/m3) core with a diameter of 30 μm surrounded by a circular cladding with a diameter of 100 μm. The core has a N.A. of 0.06 and a V-parameter of 5.2. A commercial thin disk laser with a BPP of 4 mm•mrad is used as pump source. At the wavelength of 1030 nm, the pump light absorption is 1.4 dB/m, which is 77 times lower than the peak value at 976 nm. So far, a maximum cw output power of 925 W has been achieved at a pump power of 1203 W [2]. The output power was limited by the incomplete conduction cooling of the fiber and the temperature stability of the acrylate coating. With single pass pumping, an absolute efficiency of 77 % was achieved in good agreement with the simulation result of 81 %. Double-pass pumping will further increase the efficiency. The M2 was measured to be 2.6 with the fiber coiled on a 120 mm diameter cylinder. With a fully optimized fiber, having a smaller V-number and an octagonal pump cladding, an efficiency of 85 % and a beam quality of M2 < 1.5 are expected. We present the preliminary results achieved with a commercially available fiber as well as the recent results obtained with an improved active fiber as described above.
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A. Popp, A. Voss, Th. Graf, S. Unger, J. Kirchhof, H. Bartelt, "Thin-disk-laser-pumped ytterbium-doped fiber laser with an output power in the kW range", Proc. SPIE 7721, Solid State Lasers and Amplifiers IV, and High-Power Lasers, 772102 (17 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.854321; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854321
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