13 May 2010 A 120x160 pixel CMOS range image sensor based on current assisted photonic demodulators
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In this paper a Time-Of-Flight range camera based on Current Assisted Photonic Demodulators is presented. The sensor, fabricated in a 0.18 μm CMOS technology, features 120x160 pixel resolution with 10μm pixel pitch and 24% fill factor. Pixel, camera and system architectures are described highlighting the most important design issues, and a selection of experimental results is presented. The chip has a power consumption of 200mW, mainly due to the contribution of modulation current. A range camera system was realized using the proposed sensor, a focusing optics providing a 23°x30° field of view, and a 3-LED illumination module delivering 140mW optical power on the target. The system is capable of acquiring a stream of 7 3D frames/s with a maximum non-linearity of 3.3% in the range 1.2m-3.7m and a precision better than 10 cm at 2m and 20 cm at 3m.
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Lucio Pancheri, Lucio Pancheri, David Stoppa, David Stoppa, Nicola Massari, Nicola Massari, Mattia Malfatti, Mattia Malfatti, Lorenzo Gonzo, Lorenzo Gonzo, Quazi D. Hossain, Quazi D. Hossain, Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, } "A 120x160 pixel CMOS range image sensor based on current assisted photonic demodulators", Proc. SPIE 7726, Optical Sensing and Detection, 772615 (13 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.854438; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.854438


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