ExoplanetSat is a proposed three-unit CubeSat designed to detect down to Earth-sized exoplanets in an orbit
out to the habitable zone of Sun-like stars via the transit method. To achieve the required photometric precision
to make these measurements, the target star must remain within the same fraction of a pixel, which is equivalent
to controlling the pointing of the satellite to the arcsecond level. The satellite will use a two-stage control
system: coarse control will be performed by a set of reaction wheels, desaturated by magnetic torque coils, and
fine control will be performed by a piezoelectric translation stage. Since no satellite of this size has previously
demonstrated this high level of pointing precision, a simulation has been developed to prove the feasibility of
realizing such a system.
The current baseline simulation has demonstrated the ability to hold the target star to within 0.05 pixels
or 1.8 arcseconds (with an 85 mm lens and 15 μm pixels), in the presence of large reaction wheel disturbances
as well as external environmental disturbances. This meets the current requirement of holding the target star
to 0.14 pixels or 5.0 arcseconds. Other high-risk aspects of the design have been analyzed such as the effect of
changing the guide star centroiding error, changing the CMOS sampling frequency, and reaction wheel selection
on the slew performance of the satellite. While these results are promising as an initial feasibility analysis,
further model improvements and hardware-in-the-loop tests are currently underway.