10 August 2010 Conceptual design of a cryogenic system for the next-generation infrared space telescope SPICA
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Abstract
The conceptual design of the Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA) has been studied as a pre-project of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in collaboration with ESA to be launched in 2018. The SPICA is transferred into a halo orbit around the second Lagrangian point in the Sun-Earth system, where radiant cooling is available effectively. The SPICA has a large IR telescope 3 m in diameter, which is cooled without cryogen to below 6 K by the radiant and mechanical cooling system. Therefore, the SPICA mission will cover mid- and far-IR astronomy with high sensitivity and spatial resolution during a long period of over 5 years for goal. Most heat radiation from the sun and spacecraft is blocked by the Sun Shield and thermal radiation shields covered with Multi-Layer Insulator (MLI) to limit heat radiation to the Scientific Instrument Assembly (SIA). The SIA, which is composed of the primary mirrors and optical benches equipped with Focal Plane Instruments (FPIs), is refrigerated to below 6 K by two sets of 4K-class Joule-Thomson (JT) cooler with a cooling power of 40 mW at 4.5 K. The Far-IR detector is refrigerated to 1.7 K by two sets of 1K-class JT coolers with a cooling power of 10 mW at 1.7 K. Improvements for the higher reliability and sufficient cooling performance are required in the development of SPICA mechanical cryocoolers. Thermal analysis indicates that the SPICA cryogenic system works effectively to limit the total heat load on the SIA to 41.2 mW. This paper describes the conceptual design of the SPICA cryogenic system, which was established with thermal feasibility for nominal operation mode.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Y. Sato, Y. Sato, H. Sugita, H. Sugita, K. Shinozaki, K. Shinozaki, A. Okamoto, A. Okamoto, T. Yamawaki, T. Yamawaki, K. Komatsu, K. Komatsu, T. Nakagawa, T. Nakagawa, H. Murakami, H. Murakami, H. Matsuhara, H. Matsuhara, M. Murakami, M. Murakami, M. Takada, M. Takada, S. Takai, S. Takai, A. Okabayashi, A. Okabayashi, K. Kanao, K. Kanao, S. Tsunematsu, S. Tsunematsu, K. Otsuka, K. Otsuka, K. Narasaki, K. Narasaki, } "Conceptual design of a cryogenic system for the next-generation infrared space telescope SPICA", Proc. SPIE 7731, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 77314G (10 August 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.857246; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.857246
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