29 July 2010 Early results of MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) on ISS
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Abstract
MAXI, the first astronomical payload on JEM-EF of ISS, began operation on August 3, 2009 for monitoring all-sky X-ray images every ISS orbit (92 min). All instruments as well as two main X-ray slit cameras, the GSC and SSC, worked well as expected for one month test operation. The MAXI has been operated since August, 2009 and monitored more than 300 X-ray sources, which include Galactic black holes and black hole candidates (BH/BHC), transient X-ray pulsars, X-ray novae, X-ray bursts, CVns, a considerable number of AGNs and so on. Automatic nova-alert and rapid report system is starting up, while we have published more than 30 results publicly on GCN and ATel with manual analysis. We are also releasing daily data more than 200 targets publicly. Now MAXI has continued steady operation since the beginning of 2010 although capability of a part of X-ray detectors is going down from initial ability. We have obtained some remarkable results concerning BH/BHC, X-ray pulsars and AGNs. As one of the results XTE J1752-223, an X-ray nova accompanying a black hole candidate, has revealed an evolution of accretion disc and high energy plasma from the data for seven-month observations. In this paper we report the operation status of MAXI on the ISS as well as early several astronomical results.
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M. Matsuoka, T. Mihara, M. Sugizaki, M. Suzuki, Y. E. Nakagawa, T. Yamamoto, T. Sootome, K. Kawasaki, S. Ueno, H. Tomida, M. Kohama, M. Ishikawa, Y. Adachi, Y. Itamoto, Y. Kobayashi, H. Katayama, N. Kawai, M. Morii, K. Sugimori, H. Tsunemi, M. Kimura, A. Yoshida, K. Yamaoka, S. Nakahira, H. Negoro, H. Ozawa, F. Suwa, M. Nakajima, Y. Ueda, N. Isobe, S. Eguchi, K. Hiroi, K. Ebisawa, A. Daikyuji, M. Yamauchi, A. Uzawa, T. Matsumura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Tsuboi, "Early results of MAXI (Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image) on ISS", Proc. SPIE 7732, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 77320Y (29 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.857946; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.857946
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KEYWORDS
X-rays

X-ray imaging

X-ray sources

Cameras

Gamma radiation

Satellites

X-ray detectors

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