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15 July 2010 Comprehensive transient-state study for CARMENES NIR high-thermal stability
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Abstract
CARMENES has been proposed as a next-generation instrument for the 3.5m Calar Alto Telescope. Its objective is finding habitable exoplanets around M dwarfs through radial velocity measurements (m/s level) in the near-infrared. Consequently, the NIR spectrograph is highly constraint regarding thermal/mechanical requirements. Indeed, the requirements used for the present study limit the thermal stability to ±0.01K (within year period) over a working temperature of 243K in order to minimise radial velocity drifts. This can be achieved by implementing a solution based on several temperature-controlled rooms (TCR), whose smallest room encloses the vacuum vessel which houses the spectrograph's optomechanics. Nevertheless, several options have been taken into account to minimise the complexity of the thermal design: 1) Large thermal inertia of the system, where, given a thermal instability of the environment (typically, ±0.1K), the optomechanical system remains stable within ±0.01K in the long run; 2) Environment thermal control, where thermal stability is ensured by controlling the temperature of the environment surrounding the vacuum vessel. The present article also includes the comprehensive transient-state thermal analyses which have been implemented in order to make the best choice, as well as to give important inputs for the thermal layout of the instrument.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Santiago Becerril, Miguel A. Sánchez, M. C. Cárdenas, Ovidio Rabaza, Alejandro Ramón, Miguel Abril, Luis P. Costillo, Rafael Morales, Alicia Rodríguez, and Pedro J. Amado "Comprehensive transient-state study for CARMENES NIR high-thermal stability", Proc. SPIE 7735, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III, 77352S (15 July 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.856455
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