4 August 2010 SOFIA telescope modal survey test and test-model correlation
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Abstract
The NASA/DLR Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) employs a 2.5-meter reflector telescope in a Boeing 747SP. The telescope is housed in an open cavity and will be subjected to aeroacoustic and inertial disturbances. The image stability goal for SOFIA is 0.2 arc-seconds (RMS). Throughout the development phase of the project, analytical models were employed to predict the image stability performance of the telescope, and to evaluate pointing performance improvement measures. These analyses clearly demonstrated that key aspects which determined performance were: 1) Disturbance environment and relevant load-paths 2) Telescope modal behavior 3) Sensor and actuator placement 4) Control algorithm design The SOFIA program is now entering an exciting phase in which the characteristics of the telescope and the cavity environment are being verified through ground and airborne testing. A modal survey test (MST) was conducted in early 2008 to quantify the telescope modal behavior. We will give a brief overview of analytical methods which have been employed to assess/improve the pointing stability performance of the SOFIA telescope. In this context, we will describe the motivation for the MST, and the pre-test analysis which determined the modes of interest and the required MST sensor/shaker placement. A summary will then be given of the FEM-test correlation effort, updated end-to-end simulation results, and actual data coming from telescope activation test flights.
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Paul Keas, Paul Keas, Rick Brewster, Rick Brewster, Jorge Guerra, Jorge Guerra, Ulrich Lampater, Ulrich Lampater, Hans Kärcher, Hans Kärcher, Stefan Teufel, Stefan Teufel, Jörg Wagner, Jörg Wagner, } "SOFIA telescope modal survey test and test-model correlation", Proc. SPIE 7738, Modeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy IV, 77380K (4 August 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.856507; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.856507
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