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19 May 2010 Monte Carlo modeling (MCML) of light propagation in skin layers for detection of fat thickness
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Proceedings Volume 7743, Southeast Asian International Advances in Micro/Nanotechnology; 77430J (2010)
Event: Southeast Asian International Advances in Micro/Nano-technology, 2010, Bangkok, Thailand
Nowadays, most activities require lesser physical actions, which could ultimately lead to accumulation of excessive body fat. The main roles of body fat are to store energy and acts as various kinds of insulators for the body. The thickness of fat layers can be measured to indicate fat-body weight ratio. Exceeding the body-mass index (BMI) could lead to many illnesses regarding obesity. Consequently, many studies have proposed various principles and techniques to measure the amount of fat within one's body. In this paper, infrared interactance in skin layers is studied for investigation of the influence of fat thickness upon photon travelling pattern in skin tissues using Monte Carlo model (MCML). Photon propagation is numerically simulated in simplified multi-layered tissues. The optical coefficients of each skin layers are accounted for different traveling paths of photons that move through random motion. The thickness of fat layer is varied, and changing in optical parameters is observed. Then the statistically obtained data are computed and analyzed for the effect of the fat layer upon reflection percentage using different wavelengths. The calculations have shown increment in the slope of change of reflection percentage versus fat thickness, when using infrared compare to visible light. This technique can be used to construct a mobile device that is capable of measuring the volume fraction of melanin and blood in the epidermis layer and dermis layer, to calculate for the necessary optical coefficients that would be necessary for measurement of fat thickness.
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Chonnipa Nilubol, Kiatnida Treerattrakoon, and Waleed S. Mohammed "Monte Carlo modeling (MCML) of light propagation in skin layers for detection of fat thickness", Proc. SPIE 7743, Southeast Asian International Advances in Micro/Nanotechnology, 77430J (19 May 2010);

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