17 May 2011 Fibre optic sensors for high speed hypervelocity impact studies and low velocity drop tests
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Proceedings Volume 7753, 21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors; 77534X (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.885110
Event: 21st International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors (OFS21), 2011, Ottawa, Canada
Abstract
The initial aim of this project was to develop a non-contact fibre optic based displacement sensor to operate in the harsh environment of a 'Light Gas Gun' (LGG), which can 'fire' small particles at velocities ranging from 1-8.4 km/s. The LGG is used extensively for research in aerospace to analyze the effects of high speed impacts on materials. Ideally the measurement should be made close to the centre of the impact to minimise corruption of the data from edge effects and survive the impact. A further requirement is that it should operate at a stand-off distance of ~ 8cm. For these reasons we chose to develop a pseudo con-focal intensity sensor, which demonstrated resolution comparable with conventional PVDF sensors combined with high survivability and low cost. A second sensor was developed based on 'Fibre Bragg Gratings' (FBG) which although requiring contact with the target the low weight and very small contact area had minimal effect on the dynamics of the target. The FBG was mounted either on the surface of the target or tangentially between a fixed location. The output signals from the FBG were interrogated in time by a new method. Measurements were made on composite and aluminium plates in the LGG and on low speed drop tests. The particle momentum for the drop tests was chosen to be similar to that of the particles used in the LGG.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
D. A. Jackson, D. A. Jackson, M. J. Cole, M. J. Cole, M. J. Burchell, M. J. Burchell, D. J. Webb, D. J. Webb, "Fibre optic sensors for high speed hypervelocity impact studies and low velocity drop tests", Proc. SPIE 7753, 21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 77534X (17 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.885110; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.885110
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