16 August 2010 Performance improvements of binary diffractive structures via optimization of the photolithography and dry etch processes
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Abstract
Increasingly stringent requirements on the performance of diffractive optical elements (DOEs) used in wafer scanner illumination systems are driving continuous improvements in their associated manufacturing processes. Specifically, these processes are designed to improve the output pattern uniformity of off-axis illumination systems to minimize degradation in the ultimate imaging performance of a lithographic tool. In this paper, we discuss performance improvements in both photolithographic patterning and RIE etching of fused silica diffractive optical structures. In summary, optimized photolithographic processes were developed to increase critical dimension uniformity and featuresize linearity across the substrate. The photoresist film thickness was also optimized for integration with an improved etch process. This etch process was itself optimized for pattern transfer fidelity, sidewall profile (wall angle, trench bottom flatness), and across-wafer etch depth uniformity. Improvements observed with these processes on idealized test structures (for ease of analysis) led to their implementation in product flows, with comparable increases in performance and yield on customer designs.
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Kevin Welch, Jerry Leonard, Richard D. Jones, "Performance improvements of binary diffractive structures via optimization of the photolithography and dry etch processes", Proc. SPIE 7789, Laser Beam Shaping XI, 778906 (16 August 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.859893; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.859893
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