The design and implementation of a compact multiple-image Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) is presented. Based
on the multiple-image FTS originally developed by A. Hirai, the presented device offers significant advantages over his
original implementation. Namely, its birefringent nature results in a common-path interferometer which makes the
spectrometer insensitive to vibration. Furthermore, it enables the potential of making the instrument ultra-compact,
thereby improving the portability of the sensor. The theory of the birefringent FTS is provided, followed by details of its
specific embodiment. A laboratory proof of concept of the sensor, designed and developed at the Optical Detection Lab,
is also presented. Spectral measurements of laboratory sources are provided, including measurements of light-emitting
diodes and gas-discharge lamps. These spectra are verified against a calibrated Ocean Optics USB2000 spectrometer.
Other data were collected outdoors, demonstrating the sensor's ability to resolve spectral signatures in standard outdoor
lighting and environmental conditions.