7 September 2010 Pathways for the asymmetric amplification of protein amino acids in the Murchison meteorite
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 7819, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII; 781904 (2010); doi: 10.1117/12.859716
Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2010, San Diego, California, United States
Abstract
The amplification of L-enantiomers of amino acids from racemates was likely a precondition for the origin of life on Earth. Engel and Nagy1 first reported that seven protein amino acids in the Murchison meteorite exhibited a significant L-enantiomer excess, leading to speculation that meteorite bombardment during the earliest stages of Earth history provided these essential building blocks for the development of life. Stable isotope signatures of amino acids extracted from the Murchison meteorite confirmed the extraterrestrial origin and stereochemistry of these compounds2,3. However, until recently, plausible explanations for the observed magnitude of the L-enantiomer excess in Murchison have been lacking. Alternative methods for the asymmetric amplification of L-amino acids have recently been reportede.g.4,5 that are consistent with that observed in the Murchison meteorite. A model is presented for the synthesis and subsequent alteration of amino acids on the parent body of the Murchison meteorite that is consistent with the stereochemistry presently observed.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael H. Engel, Stephen A. Macko, "Pathways for the asymmetric amplification of protein amino acids in the Murchison meteorite", Proc. SPIE 7819, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII, 781904 (7 September 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.859716; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.859716
PROCEEDINGS
7 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Proteins

Crystals

Contamination

Adsorption

Organisms

Minerals

Solar system

Back to Top