11 October 2010 Preliminary results of the FATMOSE atmospheric propagation trials in the False Bay, South Africa, November 2009-July 2010
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Abstract
The FATMOSE trial (FAlse-bay ATMOSpheric Experiment) running over a period from November 2009 to July 2010, was a continuation of the cooperation between TNO and IMT on atmospheric propagation and point target detection and identification in a maritime environment. Instruments were installed for measuring scintillation, blurring- and refraction effects over a 15.7 km path over sea. Simultaneously, a set of instruments was installed on a mid-path lighthouse for collecting local meteorological data, including scintillation, sea surface temperature and visibility. The measurements covered summer and winter conditions with a prevailing high wind speed from the South East, bringing in maritime air masses. The weather conditions included variations in the Air-Sea Temperature Difference (ASTD), that may affect the vertical temperature gradient in the atmospheric boundary layer, causing refraction effects in the lightpath. This was measured with a theodolite camera, providing absolute Angles of Arrival (AOA). Blur data were collected with a high resolution camera system with 10 bits dynamic range. Specially designed image analysis software allows determination of the atmospheric blur, while simultaneously providing information on the Scintillation Index (S.I.). This S.I. was also measured by using the Multiband Spectral Radiometer Transmissometer (MSRT). The ratio of the transmission levels of this instrument contains information on the size distribution of the aerosols along the path. In the paper, experimental details on the set-up and the instrumentation are given as well as the methods of analysis. Preliminary results are shown, including a comparison of measured blur and scintillation data with Cn 2 data from the scintillometer, correlation between AOA and ASTD and comparison of transmission data with data from the visibility meter. Blur and scintillation data are compared with predictions from standard turbulence model predictions, using Cn 2. In future studies the data will be used for validation of propagation models such as EOSTAR.
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Arie N. de Jong, Arie N. de Jong, Peter J. Fritz, Peter J. Fritz, Koen W. Benoist, Koen W. Benoist, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Piet B. W. Schwering, Piet B. W. Schwering, Willem H. Gunter, Willem H. Gunter, George Vrahimis, George Vrahimis, Faith J. October, Faith J. October, } "Preliminary results of the FATMOSE atmospheric propagation trials in the False Bay, South Africa, November 2009-July 2010", Proc. SPIE 7828, Optics in Atmospheric Propagation and Adaptive Systems XIII, 782809 (11 October 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.864067; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.864067
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