27 October 2010 Efficient single image non-uniformity correction algorithm
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Abstract
This paper introduces a new way to correct the non-uniformity (NU) in uncooled infrared-type images. The main defect of these uncooled images is the lack of a column (resp. line) time-dependent cross-calibration, resulting in a strong column (resp. line) and time dependent noise. This problem can be considered as a 1D flicker of the columns inside each frame. Thus, classic movie deflickering algorithms can be adapted, to equalize the columns (resp. the lines). The proposed method therefore applies to the series formed by the columns of an infrared image a movie deflickering algorithm. The obtained single image method works on static images, and therefore requires no registration, no camera motion compensation, and no closed aperture sensor equalization. Thus, the method has only one camera dependent parameter, and is landscape independent. This simple method will be compared to a state of the art total variation single image correction on raw real and simulated images. The method is real time, requiring only two operations per pixel. It involves no test-pattern calibration and produces no "ghost artifacts".
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Y. Tendero, J. Gilles, S. Landeau, J. M. Morel, "Efficient single image non-uniformity correction algorithm", Proc. SPIE 7834, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications VII, 78340E (27 October 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.864804; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.864804
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KEYWORDS
Sensors

Cameras

Infrared imaging

Image processing

Infrared radiation

Nonuniformity corrections

Calibration

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