8 November 2010 The effects of Ce3+ and Ce4+ on the stability of fibroblast growth factor-2
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The interaction between tri or tetravalent cerium ions and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) at 0.1-6: 1 molar ratio under physiological condition was studied by fluorescence and CD spectrum. The different spectra alterations of FGF-2 induced by Ce3+ and Ce4+ showed that Ce3+ and Ce4+ caused different conformational changes of FGF-2 respectively, though both of them destabilized the protein. The instability of FGF-2 in the presence of Ce3+ is involved in the oxidation of its free cystein of protein, but that this treatment nearly does not affect the biological activity. As to Ce4+, it not only induced the conformational changes of protein but also inhibits its activity in a dose-dependent manner, which could be relative to the electrostatic repulsion between Ce4+ and its basic amino acid residues (pI=9.6) or the specific binding of Ce4+ to deprotonated amino acid residues. The interesting results would be helpful to investigate the problem of the stability of proteins.
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Liwei Sun, Liwei Sun, Hao Feng, Hao Feng, Rui Jiang, Rui Jiang, Liping Niu, Liping Niu, Yu Song, Yu Song, Kai Feng, Kai Feng, Chao Qi, Chao Qi, } "The effects of Ce3+ and Ce4+ on the stability of fibroblast growth factor-2", Proc. SPIE 7845, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics IV, 784515 (8 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.868223; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.868223

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