4 November 2010 Phase-dependent gain without inversion in an inhomogeneous broadened quasi Λ-type four-level system with VIC
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Abstract
The effect of the relative phase (φ) between the probe and driving fields on the gain without inversion (GWI) is studied in a Doppler broadened quasi Λ-type four-level atomic system with vacuum induced coherence (VIC). It is shown that: The probe detuning region in which GWI exists and size of GWI are very sensitive to variation of the relative phase, the Doppler width ( D ) also has dramatically modulation role on the phase-dependent GWI. The GWI maximum value ( Gmax ) varies periodically with the relative phase varying, the period is 2π; but the concrete varying rule is closely related to the value of the Doppler width. In the case of D = 0 (i.e. without Doppler broadening) , when 0 < φ < π, Gmax increases monotonously with φ increasing; when π <φ < 2π, Gmax decreases monotonously with φ increasing; when φ =π, Gmaxhas the largest value. Under the condition of D ≠ 0 (i.e. Doppler broadening presents), in both regions 0 < φ < π and π < φ < 2π, Gmax does not monotonically increase or decrease with φ increasing; the value of φ, which corresponds to the largest value of Gmax, decreases gradually from π with D increasing, when value of D is large enough, the value of φ, which corresponds to the largest value of Gmax, is about π/2. In general speaking, Gmax decreases with D increasing; but Gmax larger than that in the corresponding static atomic system ( D = 0 ) can be gotten by choosing suitable values of φ and D.
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Zhongbo Liu, Zhendong Wang, Kening Jia, Dianmin Tong, Xijun Fan, "Phase-dependent gain without inversion in an inhomogeneous broadened quasi Λ-type four-level system with VIC", Proc. SPIE 7846, Quantum and Nonlinear Optics, 78460Q (4 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.868434; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.868434
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