9 November 2010 The analysis of the wavefront aberration caused by the gravity of the tunable-focus liquid-filled membrane lens
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Abstract
Liquid lens is a novel optical device which can implement active zooming. With liquid lens, zoom camera can be designed with more miniature size and simpler structure than before. It is thought that the micro zoom system with liquid lens has a very wide potential applications in many fields, in which the volume and weight of the system are critically limited, such as endoscope, mobile, PDA and so on. There are mainly three types of tunable-focus liquid lens: liquid crystal lens, electrowetting effect based liquid lens and liquid-filled membrane lens. Comparing with the other two kinds of liquid lens, the liquid-filled membrane lens has the advantages of simple structure, flexible aperture and high zooming efficiency. But its membrane surface will have an initial shape deformation caused by the gravity when the aperture of the lens is at large size, which will lead to the wave front aberration and the imaging quality impairing. In this paper, the initial deformation of the lens caused by the gravity was simulated based on the theory of Elastic Mechanics, which was calculated by the Finite Element Analysis method. The relationship between the diameter of the lens and the wave front aberration caused by the gravity was studied. And the Optical path difference produced by different liquid density was also analyzed.
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Wei Zhang, Pengfei Liu, Xiaona Wei, Songlin Zhuang, Bo Yang, "The analysis of the wavefront aberration caused by the gravity of the tunable-focus liquid-filled membrane lens", Proc. SPIE 7849, Optical Design and Testing IV, 78491W (9 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.869866; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.869866
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