16 November 2010 Optical image encryption with a polarization-selective diffractive optical element based on interference
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Data security techniques based on optical theories and methods have been proposed and widely developed in recent years. Compared with conventional mathematical encryption methods optical security system provides higher processing speed, more information volume, more encryption free-degree as well as its multi-dimension and parallel processing abilities. In this paper we proposed a novel architecture for optical image encryption with polarization-selective diffractive optical element (PDOE) based on interference theory. A target image is firstly encoded into two phase-only distributions and then these phase distributions are encrypted into the etched surface-relief pattern of a single PDOE mask. In the process of optical image decryption, when the working wavelength and the system configuration are correct, the PDOE mask with the encoded information for the target image can generate two desired polarized wavefronts by modulating the incident light beam. These two wavefronts interfere and then generate the decrypted image. The encoding algorithm to generate the phase-only distributions is simple and it does not need iterative process. The optical realization for image decryption also has the advantages of easier installation and collimation since all the optical elements are in a same optical axis. The employment of the PDOE mask in this optical security system will highly increase the information security and still maintain the parameter sensitivity in an acceptable region. Numerical simulation is performed to demonstrate the validity of this new proposed method.
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Nan Zhu, Yongtian Wang, Juan Liu, Jinghui Xie, "Optical image encryption with a polarization-selective diffractive optical element based on interference", Proc. SPIE 7851, Information Optics and Optical Data Storage, 78510A (16 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.869732; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.869732

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