3 November 2010 The extremely high concentration of suspended particulate matter in Changjiang Estuary detected by MERIS data
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The Changjiang River is the third largest river of the annual flux around the world, which has a great impact on the ecosystem of the East China Sea and adjacent areas. Because of the shallow water, tide mixing and the runoff of the Changjiang River and Qiantang River, the suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentration is extremely high in the Changjiang Estuary, which is ever up to 2000mg/L. Due to the large water-leaving radiance at the near-infrared wavelength, the operational atmospheric correction algorithm for the open ocean can not be applied to this region, and the existing remote sensing algorithms for SPM may not be applicable for this extremely high turbidity waters. In this paper, we firstly apply the blue wavelength atmospheric correction algorithm to MERIS Level-1 data to get the reasonable spectral water-leaving radiances in the Changjiang Estuary. Based on the winter cruise data in 2007, a regional SPM algorithm was developed using the bands ratio of the normalized water-leaving radiances between 779nm and 560nm. This algorithm was validated by the summer cruise data in 2006, and the results show that the performance of the algorithm was very well, and there was good agreement between the retrieved data and in-situ measured concentrations of the SPM in the Changjiang Estuary, with the correlation coefficient of 0.98 in the logarithm form and the averaged absolute relative error of 27.2%, and the standard deviation of 20.8mg/l in the linear form. Finally, the seasonal variations of the SPM in the Changjiang Estuary were analyzed by the MERIS SPM maps retrieved by the algorithms developed in this paper.
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Yan Bai, Yan Bai, Xianqiang He, Xianqiang He, Delu Pan, Delu Pan, Qiankun Zhu, Qiankun Zhu, Hui Lei, Hui Lei, Bangyi Tao, Bangyi Tao, Zengzhou Hao, Zengzhou Hao, } "The extremely high concentration of suspended particulate matter in Changjiang Estuary detected by MERIS data", Proc. SPIE 7858, Remote Sensing of the Coastal Ocean, Land, and Atmosphere Environment, 78581D (3 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.869632; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.869632

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