Some people are born with an intuitive sense of good composition. They do not need to be taught
composition, and their work is immediately perceived as being well by other people. In an attempt to help
others learn composition, art critics, scientists and psychologists analyzed well-compose works in the hope of
recognizing patterns and trends that anyone could employ to achieve similar results.
Unfortunately, the identified patterns are by no means universal. Moreover, since a compositional rule is
useful only as long as it enhances the idea that the artist is trying to express, there is no objective standard to
judge whether a given composition is "good" or "bad". As a result, the study of composition seems to be full
of contradictions. Nevertheless, there are several basic "low level" rules supported by physiological studies in
visual perception that artists and photographers intuitively obey.
Regardless of image content, a prerequisite for all good images is that their respective composition would be
balanced. In a balanced composition, factors such as shape, direction, location and color are determined in a
way that is pleasant to the eye. An unbalanced composition looks accidental, transitory and its elements show
a tendency to change place or shape in order to reach a state that better reflects the total structure. Under these
conditions, the artistic statement becomes incomprehensive and confusing.