2 February 2011 Phase correlation based adaptive mode decision for the H.264/AVC
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Abstract
The H.264 video coding standard achieves high performance compression and image quality at the expense of increased encoding complexity, due to the very refined Motion Estimation (ME) and mode decision processes. This paper focuses on decreasing the complexity of the mode selection process by effectively applying a novel fast mode decision algorithm. Firstly the phase correlation is analysed between a macroblock and its prediction obtained from the previously encoded adjacent block. Relationships are established between the correlation value and object size and also best fit motion vector. From this a novel fast mode decision and motion estimation technique has been developed utilising preprocessing frequency domain ME in order to accurately predict the best mode and the search range. We measure the correlation between a macroblock and the corresponding prediction. Based on the result we select the best mode, or limit the mode selection process to a subset of modes. Moreover the correlation result is also used to select an appropriate search range for the ME stage. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm significantly reduces the motion estimation time whilst maintaining similar Rate Distortion performance, when compared to both the H.264/AVC Joint Model (JM) reference software and recently reported work.
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Abdelrahman Abdelazim, Abdelrahman Abdelazim, Stephen James Mein, Stephen James Mein, Martin Roy Varley, Martin Roy Varley, Christos Grecos, Christos Grecos, Djamel Ait-Boudaoud, Djamel Ait-Boudaoud, } "Phase correlation based adaptive mode decision for the H.264/AVC", Proc. SPIE 7871, Real-Time Image and Video Processing 2011, 78710O (2 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.873077; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.873077
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