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7 February 2011 A super-resolution algorithm for enhancement of FLASH LIDAR data
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Proceedings Volume 7873, Computational Imaging IX; 78730F (2011)
Event: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2011, San Francisco Airport, California, United States
A novel method for enhancement of the spatial resolution of 3-diminsional Flash Lidar images is being proposed for generation of elevation maps of terrain from a moving platform. NASA recognizes the Flash LIDAR technology as an important tool for enabling safe and precision landing in future unmanned and crewed lunar and planetary missions. The ability of the Flash LIDAR to generate 3-dimensional maps of the landing site area during the final stages of the descent phase for detection of hazardous terrain features such as craters, rocks, and steep slopes is under study in the frame of the Autonomous Landing and Hazard Avoidance (ALHAT) project. Since single frames of existing FLASH LIDAR systems are not sufficient to build a map of entire landing site with acceptable spatial resolution and precision, a super-resolution approach utilizing multiple frames has been developed to overcome the instrument's limitations. Performance of the super-resolution algorithm has been analyzed through a series of simulation runs obtained from a high fidelity Flash LIDAR model and a high resolution synthetic lunar elevation map. For each simulation run, a sequence of FLASH LIDAR frames are recorded and processed as the spacecraft descends toward the landing site. Simulations runs having different trajectory profiles and varying LIDAR look angles of the terrain are also analyzed. The results show that adequate levels of accuracy and precision are achieved for detecting hazardous terrain features and identifying safe areas of the landing site.
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Alexander Bulyshev, Michael Vanek, Farzin Amzajerdian, Diego Pierrottet, Glenn Hines, and Robert Reisse "A super-resolution algorithm for enhancement of FLASH LIDAR data", Proc. SPIE 7873, Computational Imaging IX, 78730F (7 February 2011);

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