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24 January 2011 Automatic segmentation of subfigure image panels for multimodal biomedical document retrieval
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Proceedings Volume 7874, Document Recognition and Retrieval XVIII; 78740Z (2011)
Event: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2011, San Francisco Airport, California, United States
Biomedical images are often referenced for clinical decision support (CDS), educational purposes, and research. The task of automatically finding the images in a scientific article that are most useful for the purpose of determining relevance to a clinical situation is traditionally done using text and is quite challenging. We propose to improve this by associating image features from the entire image and from relevant regions of interest with biomedical concepts described in the figure caption or discussion in the article. However, images used in scientific article figures are often composed of multiple panels where each sub-figure (panel) is referenced in the caption using alphanumeric labels, e.g. Figure 1(a), 2(c), etc. It is necessary to separate individual panels from a multi-panel figure as a first step toward automatic annotation of images. In this work we present methods that add make robust our previous efforts reported here. Specifically, we address the limitation in segmenting figures that do not exhibit explicit inter-panel boundaries, e.g. illustrations, graphs, and charts. We present a novel hybrid clustering algorithm based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) with fuzzy logic controller (FLC) to locate related figure components in such images. Results from our evaluation are very promising with 93.64% panel detection accuracy for regular (non-illustration) figure images and 92.1% accuracy for illustration images. A computational complexity analysis also shows that PSO is an optimal approach with relatively low computation time. The accuracy of separating these two type images is 98.11% and is achieved using decision tree.
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Beibei Cheng, Sameer Antani, R. Joe Stanley, and George R. Thoma "Automatic segmentation of subfigure image panels for multimodal biomedical document retrieval", Proc. SPIE 7874, Document Recognition and Retrieval XVIII, 78740Z (24 January 2011);

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