The detection of abnormalities is a very challenging problem in computer vision, especially if these abnormalities
must be detected in images of textured surfaces such as textile, stone, or wood. We propose a novel, non-parametric
approach for defect detection in textures that only employs two features. We compute the two
parameters of a Weibull fit for the distribution of image gradients in local regions. Then, we perform a simple
novelty detection algorithm in order to detect arbitrary deviations of the reference texture. Therefore, we evaluate
the Euclidean distances of all local patches to a reference point in the Weibull space, where the reference point
is determined for each texture image individually. Thus, our approach becomes independent of the particular
texture type and also independent of a certain defect type.
For performance evaluation we use the highly challenging database provided by Bosch for a contest on
industrial optical inspection with different classes of textures and different defect types. By using the Weibull
parameters we can detect local deviations of texture images in an unsupervised manner with high accuracy.
Compared to existing approaches such as Gabor filters or grey level statistics, our approach is not only powerful,
but also very efficient such that it can also be applied for real-time applications.