18 February 2011 Selective treatment of carious dentin using a mid-infrared tunable pulsed laser at 6 μm wavelength range
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Proceedings Volume 7884, Lasers in Dentistry XVII; 78840L (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.874569
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2011, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Optical technologies have good potential for caries detection, prevention, excavation, and the realization of minimal intervention dentistry. This study aimed to develop a selective excavation technique of carious tissue using the specific absorption in 6 μm wavelength range. Bovine dentin demineralized with lactic acid solution was used as a carious dentin model. A mid-infrared tunable pulsed laser was obtained by difference-frequency generation technique. The wavelength was tuned to 6.02 and 6.42 μm which correspond to absorption bands called amide I and amide II, respectively. The laser delivers 5 ns pulse width at a repetition rate of 10 Hz. The morphological change after irradiation was observed with a scanning electron microscope, and the measurement of ablation depth was performed with a confocal laser microscope. At λ = 6.02 μm and the average power density of 15 W/cm2, demineralized dentin was removed selectively with less-invasive effect on sound dentin. The wavelength of 6.42 μm also showed the possibility of selective removal. High ablation efficiency and low thermal side effect were observed using the nanosecond pulsed laser with λ = 6.02 μm. In the near future, development of compact laser device will open the minimal invasive laser treatment to the dental clinic.
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Masayuki Saiki, Katsunori Ishii, Kazushi Yoshikawa, Kenzo Yasuo, Kazuyo Yamamoto, Kunio Awazu, "Selective treatment of carious dentin using a mid-infrared tunable pulsed laser at 6 μm wavelength range", Proc. SPIE 7884, Lasers in Dentistry XVII, 78840L (18 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.874569; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.874569
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