9 March 2011 VR-simulation cataract surgery in non-experienced trainees: evolution of surgical skill
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Proceedings Volume 7885, Ophthalmic Technologies XXI; 78850L (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.881527
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2011, San Francisco, California, United States
Conclusion: The current data imply that the performance index as defined herein is a valid measure of the performance of a trainee using the virtual reality phacoemulsification simulator. Further, the performance index increase linearly with measurement cycles for less than five measurement cycles. To fully use the learning potential of the simulator more than four measurement cycles are required. Materials and methods: Altogether, 10 trainees were introduced to the simulator by an instructor and then performed a training program including four measurement cycles with three iterated measurements of the simulation at the end of each cycle. The simulation characteristics was standardized and defined in 14 parameters. The simulation was measured separately for the sculpting phase in 21 variables, and for the evacuation phase in 22 variables. A performance index based on all measured variables was estimated for the sculpting phase and the evacuation phase, respectively, for each measurement and the three measurements for each cycle were averaged. Finally, the performance as a function of measurement cycle was estimated for each trainee with regression, assuming a straight line. The estimated intercept and inclination coefficients, respectively, were finally averaged for all trainees. Results: The performance increased linearly with the number of measurement cycles both for the sculpting and for the evacuation phase.
© (2011) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Per Söderberg, Per Söderberg, Markus Erngrund, Markus Erngrund, Eva Skarman, Eva Skarman, Leif Nordh, Leif Nordh, Carl-Gustaf Laurell, Carl-Gustaf Laurell, "VR-simulation cataract surgery in non-experienced trainees: evolution of surgical skill", Proc. SPIE 7885, Ophthalmic Technologies XXI, 78850L (9 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.881527; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.881527

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