10 February 2011 Is there a difference between laser speckle and laser Doppler in depth sensitivity?
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Laser speckle and laser Doppler perfusion measurements apply different analyses to the same physical phenomenon and so should produce the same results. However, there is some evidence that laser Doppler can measure perfusion at greater depths than laser speckle. Using phantom measurements and comparison to spatially modulated imaging, we show why this might be the case. Various implementations of imaging laser Doppler and speckle systems have different optical setups, producing different effective distances between the illumination and detector points on the surface of the tissue. Separating the effective source and detector regions in tissue measurements biases the measurements towards deeper tissues, and when the effective source and detector regions coincide, the measurement is biased towards surface tissues. Probe-based or scanning laser Doppler systems with point illumination can separate the source and detector regions to interrogate deeper tissues, while whole-field imaging laser Doppler systems and laser speckle contrast systems have broad illumination covering the measurement areas. The volume of tissue informing a measurement at any point in a whole-field system, and hence the depth sensitivity, is determined by the optical properties of the tissue at the working wavelength.
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O. B. Thompson, O. B. Thompson, E. R. Hirst, E. R. Hirst, M. K. Andrews, M. K. Andrews, } "Is there a difference between laser speckle and laser Doppler in depth sensitivity?", Proc. SPIE 7898, Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics VIII, 78980E (10 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.874265; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.874265

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