11 February 2011 Triply surface-plasmon resonant four-wave mixing imaging of gold nanoparticles
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Proceedings Volume 7911, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine VIII; 79110Y (2011) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.873883
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2011, San Francisco, California, United States
We have developed a novel multiphoton microscopy technique not relying on (and hence not limited by) fluorescence emission, which exploits the third-order nonlinearity called four-wave mixing of gold nanoparticles in resonance with their surface Plasmon. The coherent, transient and resonant nature of this signal allows its detection free from backgrounds that limit other contrast methods for gold nanoparticles. We show detection of single 10nm gold nanoparticles with low excitation intensities, corresponding to negligible average thermal heating. Owing to the the third-order nonlinearity we measure a transversal and axial resolution of 140nm and 470nm respectively, better than the one-photon diffraction limit. We also show high-contrast imaging of gold-labels down to 5nm size in Golgi structures of HepG2 cells at useful imaging speeds (10 kHz pixel rate). Thermal dissociation of gold nanoparticles from their bonding sites when varying the excitation intensity is also investigated.
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Francesco Masia, Francesco Masia, Wolfgang Langbein, Wolfgang Langbein, Peter Watson, Peter Watson, Paola Borri, Paola Borri, } "Triply surface-plasmon resonant four-wave mixing imaging of gold nanoparticles", Proc. SPIE 7911, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine VIII, 79110Y (11 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.873883; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.873883

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